Rugby Union - Other European Competitions

Six Nations Championship

Women′s Six Nations Championship

Six Nations Under 20 Championship

Heineken Cup

European Player of the Year

European Challenge Cup

Parker Pen Shield

European Rugby Champions Cup

European Rugby Challenge Cup

Six Nations Championship

This annual tournament was first held as Home Nations Championship featuring ENG, IRL, SCO and WAL in 1882/83. Including FRA it became the Five Nations Championship in 1910. Excluding FRA in 1932 - 1939 the competition was named again Home Nations Championship in that time.
The Five Nations Championship expanded to the Six Nations Championship by inclusion of ITA since 2000 onwards.
Organized by the Six Nations Committee the competition has been accepted meanwhile as the official European Championship by IRB and FIRA-AER.
The format of the competition was never changed: Each team plays every other team once with home soil advantage changing from year to year. Since 1995, teams equal on match points do not longer share the ranking, but ties have been broken by considering the points difference.

Home Nations Championship

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

1882, Dec 16 - 1883, Mar 03 ENG SCO IRL, WAL
1884, Jan 05 - Apr 12 ENG SCO WAL
1885, Jan 03 - Mar 07 ENG SCO WAL
1886, Jan 02 - Mar 13 SCO, ENG --- IRL, WAL
1887, Jan 08 - Mar 12 SCO WAL IRL, ENG
1888, Feb 04 - Mar 10 IRL, SCO, WAL --- ---
1889, Feb 02 - Mar 02 SCO IRL WAL
1890, Feb 01 - Mar 15 ENG, SCO --- WAL
1891, Jan 03 - Mar 07 SCO ENG WAL
1892, Jan 02 - Mar 05 ENG SCO IRL
1893, Jan 17 - Mar 11 WAL SCO ENG
1894, Jan 06 - Mar 17 IRL ENG, SCO, WAL ---
1895, Jan 05 - Mar 16 SCO ENG WAL
1896, Jan 04 - Mar 14 IRL SCO ENG, WAL
1897, Jan 09 - Mar 13 WAL, IRL, SCO, ENG --- ---
1898, Feb 05 - Apr 02 SCO, ENG --- WAL, IRL
1899, Jan 05 - Mar 18 IRL SCO WAL
1900, Jan 06 - Mar 17 WAL ENG SCO
1901, Jan 05 - Mar 16 SCO WAL IRL
1902, Jan 11- Mar 15 WAL ENG IRL
1903, Jan 10 - Mar 21 SCO WAL IRL
1904, Jan 09 - Mar 19 SCO WAL, ENG ---
1905, Jan 14 - Mar 18 WAL IRL SCO
1906, Jan 13 - Mar 17 WAL, IRL --- SCO, ENG
1907, Jan 12 - Mar 16 SCO WAL IRL
1908, Jan 18 - Mar 21 WAL SCO, ENG, IRL ---
1909, Jan 16 - Mar 20 WAL SCO ENG

1885: not completed; The 1885 Championship was notable for the disputes occurring between the Home Nation Unions which prevented a full tournament to be completed. ENG and SCO refused to face each other due to the refereeing disagreement from their 1884 encounter, and WAL and IRL also failed to meet due to union disputes. The 1885 Championship also experienced a rare replay, when the IRL vs. SCO game at Ormeau was abandoned after bad weather stopped play. The replay was played in Scotland.
1886: The game IRL vs. WAL was not played.
1888 - 1889: ENG was excluded from the Championship due to their refusal to join the IRFB.
1897: not completed; WAL only completed one match during this championship as the Welsh Rugby Union withdrew from the International Rugby Football Board in February 1897 due to the Gould Affair (The Welsh team captain Arthur Gould should get financial compensation which the IRFB had seen as illegal professionalism. Only the resignation of Gould resolved this problem.), and was therefore ineligible to play any further international matches.
1898: For the second year running, ENG claimed the title solely on the fact that the other Home Nation Unions were still in bitter dispute. The Scottish Rugby Union was still aggrieved at the situation caused by the Gould Affair and decided not to participate in a match against Wales. This decision meant ENG led the scoring table as the winner of a SCO vs. WAL encounter would have taken the Championship. Due to the dispute, most source list the result of the 1898 championship as "not completed."

Five Nations Championship

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

1910, Jan 01 - Mar 28 ENG WAL SCO
1911, Jan 02 - Mar 25 WAL IRL ENG
1912, Jan 01 - Apr 08 ENG, IRL --- SCO, WAL
1913, Jan 01 - Mar 24 ENG WAL SCO
1914, Jan 01 - Apr 13 ENG WAL IRL
1915 - 1919 not played

1920, Jan 01 - Apr 03 WAL, SCO, ENG --- ---
1921, Jan 15 - Apr 09 ENG FRA, WAL ---
1922, Jan 02 - Apr 08 WAL ENG SCO
1923, Jan 20 - Apr 14 ENG SCO WAL, FRA, IRL
1924, Jan 01 - Mar 27 ENG SCO, IRL ---
1925, Jan 01 - Apr 13 SCO IRL, ENG ---
1926, Jan 02 - Apr 05 SCO, IRL --- WAL
1927, Jan 01 - Apr 02 SCO, IRL --- ENG
1928, Jan 02 - Apr 09 ENG IRL WAL, FRA, SCO
1928, Dec 31 - 1929, Apr 01 SCO WAL, IRL ---
1930, Jan 01 - Apr 12 ENG WAL, IRL, FRA ---
1931, Jan 01 - Apr 06 WAL SCO, IRL, FRA ---

Shortly after the 1931 tournament, FRA was expelled from the competition amid allegations of professionalism in the domestic game (rugby union was officially an amateur sport until 1995) and perceived administrative deficiencies. FRA remained expelled through the 1939 competition. They were readmitted later in 1939, but the outbreak of World War II in Europe halted international rugby until 1947.

Home Nations Championship

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

1932, Jan 16 - Mar 19 IRL, WAL, ENG --- ---
1933, Jan 21 - Apr 01 SCO ENG, IRL, WAL ---
1934, Jan 20 - Mar 17 ENG WAL SCO
1935, Jan 19 - Mar 16 IRL ENG, WAL ---
1936, Jan 18 - Mar 21 WAL IRL ENG
1937, Jan 16 - Apr 03 ENG IRL SCO
1938, Jan 15 - Mar 19 SCO WAL ENG
1939, Jan 21 - Mar 18 WAL, IRL, ENG --- ---

Five Nations Championship

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

1940 - 1946 not played

1947, Jan 01 - Apr 19 WAL, ENG --- IRL, FRA
1948, Jan 01 - Mar 29 IRL FRA, SCO ---
1949, Jan 15 - Mar 26 IRL ENG, FRA, SCO ---
1950, Jan 14 - Mar 25 WAL SCO IRL, FRA
1951, Jan 13 - Apr 07 IRL FRA WAL
1952, Jan 12 - Apr 05 WAL ENG IRL
1953, Jan 10 - Mar 28 ENG WAL IRL
1954, Jan 09 - Apr 10 WAL, ENG, FRA --- ---
1955, Jan 08 - Mar 26 WAL, FRA --- SCO
1956, Jan 14 - Apr 14 WAL ENG, FRA, IRL ---
1957, Jan 12 - Mar 23 ENG WAL, IRL, SCO ---
1958, Jan 11 - Apr 19 ENG WAL FRA
1959, Jan 10 - Apr 18 FRA IRL, WAL, ENG ---
1960, Jan 09 - Apr 09 FRA, ENG --- WAL
1961, Jan 07 - Apr 15 FRA WAL, SCO ---
1962, Jan 13 - Nov 17 FRA SCO ENG, WAL
1963, Jan 12 - Mar 23 ENG FRA, SCO ---
1964, Jan 04 - Apr 11 WAL, SCO --- FRA, ENG
1965, Jan 09 - Mar 27 WAL FRA, IRL ---
1966, Jan 15 - Mar 26 WAL FRA, SCO ---
1967, Jan 14 - Apr 15 FRA ENG, IRL, SCO ---
1968, Jan 13 - Mar 23 FRA IRL ENG
1969, Jan 11 - Apr 12 WAL IRL ENG
1970, Jan 10 - Apr 18 FRA, WAL --- IRL
1971, Jan 16 - Mar 27 WAL FRA IRL, ENG
1972, Jan 15 - Apr 29 WAL IRL, SCO ---
1973, Jan 13 - Apr 14 WAL, FRA, IRL, SCO, ENG --- ---
1974, Jan 19 - Mar 16 IRL SCO, FRA, WAL ---
1975, Jan 18 - Mar 15 WAL SCO, IRL, FRA ---
1976, Jan 10 - Mar 20 WAL FRA SCO
1977, Jan 15 - Mar 19 FRA WAL ENG
1978, Jan 21 - Mar 18 WAL FRA ENG
1979, Jan 20 - Mar 17 WAL FRA IRL
1980, Jan 19 - Mar 15 ENG IRL, WAL ---
1981, Jan 19 - Mar 15 FRA ENG, SCO, WAL ---
1982, Jan 16 - Mar 20 IRL ENG, SCO ---
1983, Jan 15 - Mar 19 FRA, IRL --- WAL
1984, Jan 21 - Mar 17 SCO FRA WAL
1985, Feb 02 - Apr 20 IRL FRA WAL
1986, Jan 18 - Mar 15 FRA, SCO --- WAL, ENG
1987, Feb 07 - Apr 04 FRA IRL, SCO ---
1988, Jan 16 - Mar 19 WAL, FRA --- ENG
1989, Jan 21 - Mar 18 FRA ENG, SCO ---
1990, Jan 20 - Mar 24 SCO ENG FRA
1991, Jan 19 - Mar 16 ENG FRA SCO
1992, Jan 18 - Mar 21 ENG FRA, SCO, WAL ---
1993, Jan 16 - Mar 20 FRA SCO, ENG, IRL ---
1994, Jan 15 - Mar 19 WAL ENG FRA
1995, Jan 21 - Mar 18 ENG SCO FRA
1996, Jan 20 - Mar 16 ENG SCO FRA
1997, Jan 18 - Mar 15 FRA ENG WAL
1998, Feb 07 - Apr 05 FRA ENG WAL
1999, Feb 06 - Apr 11 SCO ENG WAL

1972: The championship was not completed for the first time since World War II. SCO and WAL did not want to travel to Dublin to play IRL because of the escalating political situation. Although the remaining fixtures of the schedule were fulfilled, as both IRL and WAL won all their matches, neither could claim the title. To fill the gap of the missing two fixtures, FRA played a friendly match in Dublin (in addition to the scheduled match in Paris).

Six Nations Championship

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

2000, Feb 05 - Apr 02 ENG FRA IRL
2001, Feb 03 - Oct 20 ENG IRL SCO
2002, Feb 02 - Apr 07 FRA ENG IRL
2003, Feb 15 - Mar 30 ENG IRL FRA
2004, Feb 14 - Mar 27 FRA IRL ENG
2005, Feb 05 - Mar 19 WAL FRA IRL
2006, Feb 04 - Mar 18 FRA IRL SCO
2007, Feb 03 - Mar 17 FRA IRL ENG
2008, Feb 04 - Mar 19 WAL ENG FRA
2009, Feb 07 - Mar 21 IRL ENG FRA
2010, Feb 06 - Mar 20 FRA IRL ENG
2011, Feb 04 - Mar 19 ENG FRA IRL
2012, Feb 04 - Mar 17 WAL ENG IRL
2013, Feb 02 - Mar 16 WAL ENG SCO
2014, Feb 01 - Mar 15 IRL ENG WAL
2015, Feb 06 - Mar 21 IRL ENG WAL
2016, Feb 06 - Mar 19 ENG WAL IRL

2001: The tournament was marred by an outbreak of the highly infectious livestock disease foot and mouth disease in Britain. As a consequence, there were severe restrictions on travel especially between Britain and Ireland and thus it was decided to postpone Ireland's three fixtures against the home nations until the outbreak was contained.

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Women′s Six Nations Championship

The competition began as Home Nations Championship for the four home nations in 1996. In 1999 FRA joined the competition to create the Five Nations Championship. ESP replaced IRL in 2000. IRL came back in 2002 expanding the competition to the Six Nations Championship. ESP was replaced by ITA in 2007 as the Six Nations committee formally adopts the Women′s Six Nation.
The format of the competition is identically to the men′s competition: Each team plays every other team once with home soil advantage changing from year to year. Since 2007, teams equal on match points do not longer share the ranking, but ties have been broken by considering the points difference.

Home Nations Championship

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

1996, Jan 21 - Mar 17 ENG SCO, IRL, WAL ---
1997, Jan 12 - Mar 09 ENG SCO WAL
1998, Feb 08 - Apr 05 SCO ENG WAL

Five Nations Championship

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

1999, Feb 07 - Apr 10 ENG FRA SCO
2000, Feb 04 - Apr 01 ENG FRA ESP
2001, Feb 03 - Apr 08 ENG FRA, ESP ---

Six Nations Championship

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

2002, Feb 02 - Apr 07 FRA ENG SCO
2003, Feb 15 - Mar 29 ENG SCO FRA
2004, Feb 14 - Mar 27 FRA ENG ESP
2005, Feb 04 - Mar 19 FRA ENG SCO
2006, Feb 04 - Mar 18 ENG WAL FRA
2007, Feb 03 - Mar 18 ENG FRA WAL
2008, Feb 01 - Mar 16 ENG WAL FRA
2009, Feb 06 - Mar 22 ENG WAL IRL
2010, Feb 05 - Mar 21 ENG FRA IRL
2011, Feb 04 - Mar 20 ENG FRA IRL
2012, Feb 03 - Mar 18 ENG FRA IRL
2013, Feb 13 - Mar 17 IRL FRA ENG
2014, Jan 31 - Mar 16 FRA ENG IRL
2015, Feb 06 - Mar 22 IRL FRA ITA
2016, Feb 05 - Mar 20 FRA ENG IRL

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Six Nations Under 20 Championship

Until 2007 for Under 21 teams

1st place

2nd place

3rd place

2004, Feb 13 - Mar 26 ENG FRA IRL
2005, Feb 04 - Mar 18 WAL FRA SCO
2006, Feb 03 - Mar 17 ENG FRA WAL
2007, Feb 02 - Mar 16 IRL FRA ENG
2008, Feb 01 - Mar 14 ENG WAL FRA
2009, Feb 06 - Mar 20 FRA IRL ENG
2010, Feb 05 - Mar 21 IRL ENG WAL
2011, Feb 04 - Mar 18 ENG FRA WAL
2012, Feb 03 - Mar 16 ENG FRA IRL
2013, Feb 13 - Mar 17 ENG WAL IRL
2014, Jan 31 - Mar 14 FRA ENG WAL
2015, Feb 06 - Mar 20 ENG FRA SCO
2016, Feb 05 - Mar 18 WAL FRA IRL

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Heineken Cup

Initiated by the Five Nations Committee this „Champions League of Rugby clubs” was established in 1995/96. The competition, sponsored by a brewery is under the management of the IRB-controlled European Rugby Cup Ltd. (ERC). Due to the stricter alcohol advertising law in France the Heineken Cup is known there as the H Cup. It is succeeded by the European Rugby Champions Cup.
Participants are the top teams of Europe's top leagues (English Premiership, Top 14 and Pro 12): ENG, FRA (6 teams each), IRL, WAL (3 teams each), ITA, SCO (2 teams each)

Venue

1st place

Final

2nd place

1996, Jan 06 Cardiff WAL Stade Toulousain FRA 21:18aet Cardiff RFC WAL
1997, Jan 25 Cardiff WAL C.A. Brive FRA 28:9 Leicester Tigers ENG
1998, Jan 31 Bordeaux FRA Bath Rugby ENG 19:18 C.A. Brive FRA
1999, Jan 30 Dublin IRL Ulster Rugby IRL 21:6 U.S. Colomiers FRA
2000, May 27 London ENG Northampton Saints ENG 9:8 Munster Rugby IRL
2001, May 19 Paris FRA Leicester Tigers ENG 34:30 Stade Français Paris FRA
2002, May 25 Cardiff WAL Leicester Tigers ENG 15:9 Munster Rugby IRL
2003, May 24 Dublin IRL Stade Toulousain FRA 22:17 U.S. Arlequins Perpignan FRA
2004, May 23 London ENG London Wasps ENG 27:20 Stade Toulousain FRA
2005, May 22 Edinburgh SCO Stade Toulousain FRA 18:12aet Stade Français Paris FRA
2006, May 20 Cardiff WAL Munster Rugby IRL 23:19 Biarritz Olympique FRA
2007, May 20 London ENG London Wasps ENG 25:9 Leicester Tigers ENG
2008, May 24 Cardiff WAL Munster Rugby IRL 16:13 Stade Toulousain FRA
2009, May 23 Edinburgh SCO Leinster Rugby IRL 19:16 Leicester Tigers ENG
2010, May 22 St. Denis FRA Stade Toulousain FRA 21:19 Biarritz Olympique FRA
2011, May 21 Cardiff WAL Leinster Rugby IRL 33:22 Northampton Saints ENG
2012, May 19 London ENG Leinster Rugby IRL 42:14 Ulster Rugby IRL
2013, May 18 Dublin IRL RC Toulon FRA 16:15 ASM Clermont Auvergne FRA
2014, May 24 Cardiff WAL RC Toulon FRA 23:6 Saracens London ENG

Remark: ASM Clermont Auvergne is former A.S. Montferrand

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European Player of the Year

2010 Ronan O′Gara IRL Munster Rugby
2011 Sean O′Brian IRL Leinster Rugby
2012 Rob Kearney IRL Leinster Rugby
2013 Jonny Wilkinson ENG RC Toulon
2014 Steffon Armitage ENG RC Toulon
2015 Nick Abendanon ENG ASM Clermont Auvergne
2016 Maro Itoje ENG Saracens London

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European Challenge Cup

In 1996/97 the European Rugby Cup Ltd. (ERC) established the second tier European Shield competition for those teams of the three European top leagues do not qualify for the Heineken Cup and sometimes participants from countries like ITA, ROU, POR and ESP. It was renamed to European Challenge Cup in 2002/03. It is succeeded by the European Rugby Challenge Cup.

Venue

1st place

Final

2nd place

1997, Jan 26 Béziers FRA C.S. Bourgoin Jallieu FRA 18:9 Castres Olympique FRA
1998, Feb 02 Toulouse FRA U.S. Colomiers FRA 43:5 S.U. Agen FRA
1999, Feb 27 Lyon FRA A.S. Montferrand FRA 35:16 C.S. Bourgoin Jallieu FRA
2000, May 28 Toulouse FRA Section Paloise Rugby Pro Pau FRA 34:21 Castres Olympique FRA
2001, May 20 Reading ENG NEC Harlequins London ENG 42:33aet RC Narbonne Méditerranée FRA
2002, May 26 Oxford ENG Sale Sharks Stockport ENG 25:22 Pontypridd RFC WAL
2003, May 25 Reading ENG London Wasps ENG 48:28 Bath Rugby ENG
2004, May 22 Reading ENG NEC Harlequins London ENG 27:26 A.S. Montferrand FRA
2005, May 21 Oxford ENG Sale Sharks Stockport ENG 27:3 Section Paloise Rugby Pro Pau FRA
2006, May 21 London ENG Gloucester RC ENG 36:34 London Irish ENG
2007, May 19 London ENG ASM Clermont Auvergne FRA 22:16 Bath Rugby ENG
2008, May 25 Gloucester ENG Bath Rugby ENG 24:16 Worcester Warriors ENG
2009, May 22 London ENG Northampton Saints ENG 15:3 C.S. Bourgoin Jallieu FRA
2010, May 23 Marseille FRA Cardiff Blues WAL 28:21 RC Toulon FRA
2011, May 20 Cardiff WAL Harlequins London ENG 19:18 Stade Français Paris FRA
2012, May 18 London ENG Biartitz Olympique FRA 21:18 RC Toulon FRA
2013, May 17 Dublin IRL Leinster Rugby IRL 34:13 Stade Français Paris FRA
2014, May 23 Cardiff WAL Northampton Saints ENG 30:16 Bath Rugby ENG

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Parker Pen Shield

2002/03 - 2004/05, the losers of the 1st round of the European Challenge Cup continued to play for the European Shield.

Venue

1st place

Final

2nd place

2003, May 25 Reading ENG Castres Olympique FRA 40:12 Caerphilly RFC WAL
2004, May 21 Parma ITA Montpellier Hérault R.C. FRA 25:19 GS Rugby Viadana 1970 ITA
2005, May 21 Oxford ENG FC Auch Gers FRA 23:10 Worcester Warriors ENG

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European Rugby Champions Cup

In spring 2014 a new system of cross-border competitions in European professional rugby was agreed. Succeeding the Heineken Cup the European Rugby Champions Cup was introduced. All the new club competitions are organized by the European Professional Club Rugby (EPCR) (new association following the former ERC Ltd.).
Participants are the top teams of Europe's top leagues: English Premiership 6 teams, French Top14 6 teams and Pro12 7 teams (at least one team from each participating country IRL, ITA, SCO and WAL) plus one qualifier from a playoff between next ranked teams of these three leagues.

Venue

1st place

Final

2nd place

2015, May 02 London ENG RC Toulon FRA 24:18 ASM Clermont Auvergne FRA
2016, May 14 Lyon FRA Saracens London ENG 21:9 Racing 92 Colombes FRA

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European Rugby Challenge Cup

The second tier competition in the new system is the European Rugby Challenge Cup succeeding the European Challenge Cup.
Participants are the remaining 18 teams of the three Europe's top leagues plus two qualifiers from the qualifying competition organized with Rugby Europe.

Venue

1st place

Final

2nd place

2015, May 01 London ENG Gloucester RFC ENG 19:13 Edinburgh Rugby SCO
2016, May 13 Lyon FRA Montpellier Hérault RC FRA 26:19 Harlequins London ENG

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Last modified: 13.07.16